Performance appraisal methods
The performance appraisal is a vital part of the performance management toolkit. When conducted effectively, it enables the employee and their manager to hold a highly constructive, two-way dialogue. This achieves positive results in an engaging way.
The most effective performance appraisals are those that are conducted in a supportive manner and style. This will always bring out the best of an employee and their manager. It may be an annual or bi-annually held meeting, but it should be part of an ongoing review and support structure.
The following performance appraisal methods are designed to help you prepare and structure the performance appraisals you are responsible to conducting:
- Prepare the employee you will be appraising
Give adequate notice of the performance appraisal review. Explain it will be a two way discussion and encourage the employee to assess their own performance and development by considering some key questions:
- Ask the employee their achievements during the last 12 months – any evidence or examples to refer to?
- What do they think has gone well and why?
- What do they think has not gone so well and why?
- Is there any aspect of the job that they feel could be developed further?
- Do they feel they have any training or development needs in the future? Do they have aspirations?
- Are they satisfied with the manager-employee relationship and what support and guidance may they need going forward?
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- Prepare yourself fully for the performance appraisal
Assess the employee’s past performance by considering:
- Their performance since the last meeting. Is there any evidence or examples to refer to?
- What achievements you can recall have been made over the last year? Ideally you will have records of interim reviews to refer to
- What additional responsibilities/projects has the employee taken on?
- What personal observations can I recall of the employee’s behaviour/competencies – the HOW whilst achieving their key responsibilities
- To what extent have training and development plans been achieved?
- Have there been any factors outside the employee’s control that have affected performance?
- What feedback have I received from customers/managers/colleagues that help?
- How much has the job changed in the past year and does the job description need updating?
- Consider relevant business objectives for the employee over the next year
- Reflect on the support you have provided as their manager
- Arrange a suitable venue for the performance review
Schedule the date and time of performance appraisal meeting considering how much time is needed and the best time of day for the employee with sufficient notice. Arrange the most conducive venue for the meeting ensuring privacy, no interruptions and a relaxed environment.
- Schedule time for documentation
Ensure you schedule adequate time for documenting the performance appraisal meeting whilst the discussion is fresh in your mind and you can make sense of the notes you have taken.
- Introduce the performance appraisal meeting and get the appraisee involved early on
Spend a few minutes establishing some rapport with the employee, setting the ‘scene’. Communicate the appraisal structure, timing, style and purpose of the discussion, if not already conveyed. Explain the follow up to the meeting with documentation and the need for you to make notes. Ask the employee team member what they wish to get out of the meeting and encourage them to make their own notes so that they become engaged with the meeting.
- Review past performance over the last year
Compare the actual performance with the planned performance, i.e. the employee’s objectives set at the last performance appraisal and explore what has happened and why. Explore both the internal and external factors affecting the employee’s performance and agree future performance improvements and likely performance and development objectives for next year.
- Focus the performance appraisal on outcomes
Specific areas of improvement where the appraisee either needs to meet a satisfactory level of performance, perform more effectively across their full range of responsibilities, extend the scope of the role to prepare them for further career development or where they can be considered a ‘role model’ for other employees and potentially take on a coaching role.
- Summarise achievements and future plans
Summarise the year’s achievements against performance and development objectives, core skills/competencies and recognise other key achievements. Then summarise future plans such as the objectives for the year ahead and the key actions and improvements agreed by the employee, any support required from manager and any career aspirations recognised.
Check everything has been covered and thank the appraisee for contribution. Get feedback from the employee by asking:
- How do you think the performance review discussion has gone?
- What worked well?
- What could be done differently next time?
- Document achievements and future plans
Record the outputs from the performance appraisal using your organisation’s performance appraisal documentation and ask the appraisee to review the completed document to ensure they believe the document reflects the content of the performance appraisal discussion. Any disputes or differences of opinion or understanding should be attempted to be rectified initially with you. Failing that, your line manager or your Human Resources department.
- Provide ongoing support and reviews
Deliver what you promise during the performance appraisal meeting – do not promise things you cannot deliver on! Provide coaching or training to improve the internal factors affecting performance. In addition, eliminate or minimise the external blocks to performance and conduct regular reviews throughout the course of the year, relative to your team member’s experience, performance and confidence levels.
Performance Appraisals are a powerful leadership and management tool to help you determine any changes in your own performance management of the team, by reviewing the overall feedback from team members. However you can always gain a great deal of insight into what works best for each appraise and therefore how to get the best out of each employee.
We hope the performance appraisal methods in this guide help you learn how to conduct effective performance appraisals.
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